Giorgio Morandi, the popular painter symbol and representative of Bologna, was born in this city in 1890. He studied here and, for a short period of time, he worked in the commercial office of his father. But, still young, he already had a passion for art and in 1907, Morandi enrolled at the Fine Arts Academy. His talent and skills are appreciated and he becomes professor of engraving at the Academy. The dreams of the artists were much greater, but his economic situation prevented him from travelling as he wanted, to personally experience the ingenuity and the masterpieces of the great artists. Thus, he formed reading, studying, consulting magazines like La Voce, allowing him to get to know Impressionism and painters like Seurat, Cezanne and Rousseau. Among these, Cezanne is undoubtedly the painter he based his artistic culture on, the artist he took inspiration from, eve though, the painter from Bologna focused his attention more on daily objects, protagonists of his works. Studying the objects, he reflected on the vanity of time surrounding them, creating gorgeous still lives.
Light is the most important element that shapes the objects, sculpting them, making them alive, even more real. Between 1918 and 1919, Giorgio Morandi joined the metaphysical world leading him to focus his attention on the object, making it the symbol of his own equilibrium. This experience made him create a new relationship with nature, more personal, and he made paintings depicting landscapes. But, once again, the main element are the shapes, the objects, simple realities, like trees and leaves, which become colourful elements, flowers, that become the symbol of the concept of beauty for the artist. His production includes, engravings, etchings, works where black and white are enough to create the space and the atmosphere. Morandi died in Bologna in 1964, his works are now on exhibit at the Palazzo Comunale, in a museum dedicated to him.